Junior Secondary Schools subjects & requirements in Kenya 2023/2024

Are you aware of subjects and requirements for Junior Secondary Schools in Kenya? If not, kindly stick with us as we take you through.

In this article, we are going to discuss at length junior Secondary Schools subjects & requirements in Kenya.

Note that, junior secondary schools in Kenya start from grade 7 to grade 9 and only take three years to complete under the competency – based – curriculum (CBC). Importantly, the education system embraced this new education system from December 2017.

8.4.4 system of education has been replaced by the Competency-Based- Curriculum (CBC) which is 2-6-3-3 years.

Junior Secondary Schools subjects

It is important to note that the Competency-Based- Curriculum (CBC) is divided into the following sections:

  • Early years education
  • Middle school education
  • Senior school, tertiary, and university education

With that, junior secondary schools is also a part of Competency-Based- Curriculum (CBC) and it will be hosted in primary schools. Junior Secondary Schools students are students who have sat for a national exam KPSEA.

Junior Secondary Schools are a bridge between between primary schools and secondary schools in Kenya. Learners in the junior secondary schools are aged 12 – 14 years (Twelve to fourteen years).

Junior Secondary Schools requirements

Noteworthy, there are core (Main subjects) and optional (elective subjects) for students who are joining junior secondary schools in Kenya. Students will do the following subjects in Junior Secondary Schools:

  • English
  • Swahili or Kenyan Sign Language
  • Mathematics
  • Integrated Science
  • Health Education
  • Pre-Technical and Pre-Career Education
  • Social Studies
  • Religious Education: learners choose one of the following:      – Christian Religious Education – Islamic Religious Education  – Hindu Religious Education
  • Business Studies
  • Agriculture
  • Life Skills
  • Sports and Physical Education

Also, the learners will take optional subjects or elective subjects. Optional subjects are the following:

  • Visual Arts
  • Performing Arts
  • Home Science
  • Computer Science
  • Foreign Languages (German, French, Mandarin/Chinese, or Arabic)
  • Kenyan Sign Language
  • Indigenous Languages

English, mathematics and social studies have been allocated the highest number of hours with each having five subjects each week.

Students in the junior secondary schools will therefore take twelve (12) subjects out of the fourteen (14) subjects.

In addition, learners will take forty five (45) subjects every week. Each lesson will run for a duration of forty minutes (40) like high schools.

English, Kiswahili, mathematics, integrated science, health education, pre-technical and pre-career, social studies, religious education, business studies, agriculture, life skills education, physical education/sports, foreign languages (German, French and Mandarin), will be introduced alongside indigenous language as an optional subject.

Students will choose a subject from the optional ones: performing/visual arts and computer science.

Some subjects have been allocated more hours that the others. Each will have five subjects (5 subjects) each week.

The following are subjects that will take more hours. They include; English, mathematics and social studies.

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